राजनीतिक वित्त व्यवस्थापनः निर्वाचन सुधारको अवसर

Authors

  • Bhoj Raj Pokharel Former Chief Election Commissioner, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nppr.v1i1.43502

Keywords:

जबाफदेही, निर्वाचन प्रचार–प्रसार खर्च, उमेदवार, निर्वाचन, निर्वाचनको स्वच्छता, निर्वाचन अपराध, निर्वाचन ब्यबस्थापन, निर्वाचन सुधार, समान प्रतिस्पर्धी मैदान, राजनीतिक वित्त, राजनीतिक दल, पारदर्शीता, Accountability, Campaign finance, Candidates, Election, Electoral integrity, Election offense, Election management, Election reform

Abstract

यो छोटो लेखमा राजनीतिक वित्तका बारेको सामान्य बुझाई र अर्थ, राजनीतिक वित्त व्यवस्थापनको क्रममा अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय र नेपालको अभ्यास, खास गरी निर्वाचनको क्रममा निर्वाचन गराउने निकाय, सरकार, सुरक्षा निकाय एवं दल वा उम्मेदवारबाट हुने खर्चको प्रवृत्ति; दल र निर्वाचनको खर्चका लागि हुने अपारदर्शी आम्दानीका स्रोत तथा खर्चले निम्त्याएका विकृति; यसको व्यवस्थापनका लागि भए–गरेका प्रयास तथा तिनबाट देखिएका चुनौती, आदि विषयका बारेमा चर्चा गरिनुका अतिरिक्त यसमा सुधारका लागि प्रणाली, प्रक्रिया, संरचना, व्यवस्थापन र क्षमता विस्तार लगायतका क्षेत्रसँग सम्बन्धित केही सुझावहरू प्रस्तुत गरिएको छ ।

Abstract (in English)

This short article appraises the general understanding and meaning of political finance and the international and Nepalese practice in the management of political finance, and assess the trends in expenditure incurred by election bodies, government, security agencies and parties or candidates during the election, and perversions caused by opaque sources of income and expenses of political parties and election expenses. It then assesses the efforts made to manage them and the challenges posed by them, and, based on that, suggests reforms in the system, process, structure, management, and capacity expansion for the management of political finance.

Author Biography

Bhoj Raj Pokharel, Former Chief Election Commissioner, Nepal

Bhojraj Pokharel, former Chief Election Commissioner of Nepal (2006-2009) played a key role in integrating the Maoist rebels into democratic electoral processes and was one of the key architects to make Nepal’s elected bodies most inclusive and representative. He also co-led the Carter Center’s 2015 Electoral Observation Mission to Myanmar and served as a member of the UN Secretary General’s High-Level Panel to Bangladesh during the 2008 elections and Southern Sudan’s referenda process (2010-2011). He is a Senior JR Fellow at US Institute of Peace and Mason Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School. He is currently a member of the Kofi Annan Foundation’s Electoral Integrity Core Team. Previously, he has also served as the permanent secretary of various ministries including the Home Affairs in Nepal. He is also member of various professional organizations including the Transparency International Nepal. Mr. Pokharel holds a Masters of Public Administration from Harvard University, and Masters in Economics and Law from Tribhuvan University, Nepal. His (Coauthored) book “Nepal Votes for Peace” has shared key lessons in managing a post conflict election. His recent book “Election Violence Prevention through Diplomacy” is focused on role of diplomacy in preventing election violence.

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Additional Files

Published

2021-09-18

How to Cite

Pokharel, B. R. . (2021). राजनीतिक वित्त व्यवस्थापनः निर्वाचन सुधारको अवसर. Nepal Public Policy Review, 1, 228–248. https://doi.org/10.3126/nppr.v1i1.43502

Issue

Section

Policy Commentaries