Government Framework for Agriculture Service Delivery at the Local Level in Nepal

Authors

  • Mahesh Jaishi Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)
  • Govinda Prasad Sharma Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD)
  • Purna Bahadur Nepali Kathmandu University
  • Devendra Gauchan Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)
  • Ram Krishna Shrestha Department of Agriculture (DoA)
  • Krishna Prasad Timsina Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC)
  • Huma Neupane Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59552/nppr.v3i1.28

Keywords:

Agriculture service delivery, Clients, Local government framework, Municipality

Abstract

This paper examines the policy, institutional and legal aspects of agriculture service delivery (ASD) of local government in federal Nepal. The aim of this study is to recommend an appropriate framework for improving ASD unit efficiency in delivering agricultural services to citizens. The paper seeks to answer the question of whether the ASD unit of municipalities facilitates a local government framework while discharging their agriculture services to the citizens. To achieve this, both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data were collected through structured interviews of agriculture service takers using stratified random sampling and were accompanied by participant observations, FGDs and KIIs. Secondary data were obtained from government documents. A convergent parallel mix method research design was adopted, which implied abductive reasoning with pragmatist research philosophy. The study found that despite poor facilities and structures at the local level, the client experienced extended agricultural service delivery. Local governments are undergoing a transition in harmonizing institutional and legal policies, as evidenced by the differences in service delivery and expertise. The study identified three areas of demand from people with local authorities viz; infrastructure for basic services, quality extension from professional experts, and prioritization of the agriculture sector. Based on the findings, an enhanced ASD framework at the local level is recommended to meet the quality service needs of diversified clients. In this regard, enhanced municipal capacity is crucial.

Author Biographies

Mahesh Jaishi, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)

Mahesh Jaishi is Assistant Professor and Extension Director and Research Scholar at the Department of Agriculture Extension and Rural Sociology at the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS) of Tribhuvan University, Nepal. He served more than fifteen years in development sectors with different capacity. Mr. Jaishi has been involved in research and consultancy work of federal agriculture extension system, decentralized agriculture service provisions.

Govinda Prasad Sharma, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD)

Govinda Prasad Sharma is working as Secretary at Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development. Dr. Sharma also worked as the Director General of Department of Agriculture, Secretary at the Ministry of Land Management, Agriculture and Cooperatives, Madhesh Province and Karnali Province. Dr. Sharma has over 27 years of experiences in the development of agriculture particularly policy formulation, planning, designing, implementation, project management, monitoring and evaluation. Dr Sharma holds PhD degree in agricultural and natural resource economics from University of Western Australia.

Purna Bahadur Nepali, Kathmandu University

Purna Bhadur Nepali is Associate Professor, and Program Director, Master of Public Policy and Management (MPPM), Kathmandu University School of Management (KU SOM). Dr. Nepali is Research Fellow (non-resident), Harvard Kennedy School and Hutchins Center, Harvard University, US where he is undertaking his research on Political Economy of Inclusive Agrarian Transformation: Comparative Analysis of Race-Caste of US and Nepal/South-Asia. Dr. Nepali is also a Fulbright Visiting Research Fellowship (2017-18) in Global Development and Sustainability at Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University. His research are public and social policy, inclusive growth, social inclusion, and rural/agrarian issues.

Devendra Gauchan, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)

Devendra Gauchan is an Agriculture Economist having more than 25 years of postgraduate R&D experiences in national and international organizations with specific research interest and experiences of working in agricultural R&D, agricultural policy, agrobiodiversity, seed and food system, market and value chain and natural resource management. He is currently an Honorary Research Fellow at the Alliance of Bioversity International and International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)- a CGIAR and also serves as an Adjunct Professor of Agricultural Economy

Ram Krishna Shrestha, Department of Agriculture (DoA)

Ram Krishna Shrestha currently serving as a joint secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development (MoALD). He is heading the Centre for Crop Development And Agro-Biodiversity Conservation (CCDABC), one of the central technical wings of MoALD with main responsibility to look after the federal policies and affairs related to crop and agro-biodiversity. His research interest includes food policy, food system transformation, climate change impact in agriculture, agrobiodiversity conservation, building sustainable and resilient agri. food system, agroecology and other nature positive farming, nutrition-sensitive agriculture, promotion of local and indigenous crops, agricultural extension, among others. He received doctoral degree in "social capital building in rural farming communities" from University of Queensland, Australia.

Krishna Prasad Timsina, Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC)

Krishna Prasad Timsina is currently a Senior Scientist and Chief at National Agricultural Policy Research Centre (NAPREC) under Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Lalitpur, Nepal. He has interest in different research areas such as farm business analysis, value chain, supply chain, agricultural policy analysis, behaviour economics, agribusiness and international trade analysis. He has past experience working on different international funding projects such as World Bank, CIMMYT, IRRI, and IFAD.

Huma Neupane, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)

Huma Neupane is an Assistant Professor at Institute of Agriculture and animal Science, Tribhuvan University (IAAS, TU) since more than 11 years. Currently she is working at a capacity of Director at Directorate of Research of Publication of IAAS. Before this she served as Scientist at Nepal Agricultural Research Council at Lumle Regional Agricultural Research Station, Kaski. She did her Ph.D at South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China. Her interest in research areas includes production economics, livestock economics and agricultural marketing.

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Additional Files

Published

2023-04-18

How to Cite

Jaishi, M., Sharma, G. P., Nepali, P. B., Gauchan, D., Shrestha, R. K., Timsina, K. P., & Neupane, H. (2023). Government Framework for Agriculture Service Delivery at the Local Level in Nepal. Nepal Public Policy Review, 3(1), 95–117. https://doi.org/10.59552/nppr.v3i1.28