राजनैतिक दल र राज्यको नीतिका विचको अन्तरसम्वन्धः समस्या, चुनौति र समाधानका उपायहरु


  • Khimlal Devkota Swabhiman Law Firm and Consultancy; Member of Constituent Assembly Nepal




राजनीतिक दल, नीति अन्तरसम्बन्ध, राज्यको नीति, पर्टीको नीति, political party, policy interrelationship state policy, political party's manifesto


नेपालले हालसालै सामन्तवादी राजनीतिक प्रणालीबाट सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक प्रणालीमा फड्को मारेपछि राजनीतिक दलहरूको लागि राज्यका नीतिको प्रतिरोध गरेर होइन तिनलाई विस्तारित गरेर दलको उद्देश्य प्राप्त गर्ने अवसर र बाध्यता समेत सिर्जना भएको छ । दल र राज्यका नीतिहरूबिचको सामञ्जस्य स्थायीत्व र विकासको लागि अति महइभ्वपूर्ण हुन्छ । यो लेखको उद्देश्य नेपालमा राजनीतिक दलका नीति र राज्यका नीति बिच सामञ्जस्यपूर्ण अन्तर्सम्बन्धको आवश्यकता, समस्या, चुनौतीको लेखाजोखा तथा समस्या समाधानका उपायहरू निक्र्योल गर्नु हो । यो लेखमा सार्वजनिक नीतिका केही सैद्धान्तिक पृष्ठभूमिसहित नेपालको समकालीन राजनीतिक परिवर्तनको पृष्ठभूमिमा राज्यको नीति अभिव्यक्त हुने संविधान र ऐन तथा दलहरूको नीति अभिव्यक्त हुने घोषणापत्र र सत्ताभित्र र बाहिर रहँदाको व्यवहार लगायत पाटाहरूमा रहेको अन्तराल र अन्तरविरोधको विश्लेषण गरी तिनका कारक तत्वको विवेचना तथा समाधानका तार्किक उपाय सुझाइएको छ । नेपालमा राजनीतिक दल र राज्यका नीति बिच स्थिरता र राजनीतिक विश्वसनीयतामाथि नै प्रश्न खडा हुने तहको अन्तराल रहेको देखिएको छ भने यसको समाधानको लागि राजनीतिक हैसियतको परिपालना, संस्कारजन्य व्यवहारमा परिवर्तन र संरचनागत सुधार गर्ने लगायतका सुझावहरू दिइएको छ ।

Abstract (in English)

Nepal's recent leap from a feudal political system to a federal democratic system has created opportunities and compulsions for political parties to achieve their objectives by expanding and not resisting state policy. Harmony between party and state policies is crucial for stability and development. The purpose of this article is to assess the need, problems and challenges of the harmonious interrelationship between and policies of the state and the policies of political parties and suggest solutions to the problems. I have presented the theoretical context of public policies and the context of contemporary political changes in Nepal. I have analyzed the gap and contradiction between the policy of the state as expressed in the constitution and relevant Acts, and the policies of political parties as represented in their manifestos, and also that between the behaviour of political parties when in power and the behaviour when out of power, identified the factors, and suggested logical solution to the problems. It is found that there are serious gaps between the policies of political parties and that of the state to the extent that it is undermining the stability and political credibility. Acceptance and adherence to the legitimate political status, change in cultural practices and structural reforms are are among the suggested remedies of the problem.

Author Biography

Khimlal Devkota, Swabhiman Law Firm and Consultancy; Member of Constituent Assembly Nepal

Mr. Khimlal Devkota holds a Bachelor’s degree in Law and two Master’s degrees in Political Science and Sociology/Anthropology from Tribhuvan University. He was a practicing lawyer at the Supreme Court of Nepal from 1990 to 2005. In 2006, he became a member of the Interim Constitution Drafting Committee and then the Interim Legislature-Parliament of Nepal. In these roles, he was closely involved in law-making and the tough negotiating process to create a consensus in the political transition. He focused on finding solutions to such issues as army integration, monarchy dissolution, and Maoist inclusion in parliament. In 2008, he became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal and, in 2009, a member of the Constitutional Committee of Nepal. Here, he acted as a drafting committee member and contributed as a member of the Taskforce for High-Level Political Mechanisms in important negotiations. Mr. Devkota was the Chairperson of the National Intellectuals Organization of Nepal until 2015 where he was involved in facilitating intellectual discourse on constitutionalism, federalism, and good governance.

Mr. Devkota has widespread experience in presenting guest lectures and participating in seminars across the world and he frequently contributes to Gorkhapatra. He has also been actively involved in the human rights movement of Nepal for more than two decades and has been published widely in the areas of constitutional, administrative, and human rights law. Mr. Devkota is currently a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of Nepal. He is advising various federal and provincial parliamentary committees, Governmental and Intergovernmental institutions including UNDP, and other NGOs, INGOs, on the areas of federalism, constitutionalism, legislative drafting and scrutiny, good governance, and policy matters.


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How to Cite

Devkota, K. (2021). राजनैतिक दल र राज्यको नीतिका विचको अन्तरसम्वन्धः समस्या, चुनौति र समाधानका उपायहरु. Nepal Public Policy Review, 1, 261–273. https://doi.org/10.3126/nppr.v1i1.43505



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